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Aquarium filters help clean your tank and keep your fish safe, whereas a clogged-up setup result in ammonia and nitrites spike.
For that reason, I’ve made a guide to help you understand when to clean your filter, and how long it will stay before you have to clean it again.
That said, how often you clean an aquarium filter varies between setup, with aquariums with less fish and larger filters not needing frequent cleaning.
The general rule of thumb is to clean your aquarium filter, regardless of type, once every month (four weeks). Though, you want to wait at least a week from your last cleaning, of the tank or filter, before your next session to help your fish adjust to the new conditions in the tank.
When to Clean Your Aquarium Filter
As I mentioned above, cleaning an aquarium filter may vary from one setup to another, though four weeks is the recommended period between cleaning sessions for most filter setups.
However, if you have a single sponge filter in your tank, you may want to clean it with every water change, which is usually once every week.
With more than one sponge filter (maybe 3 or 4) in an averagely sized tank, cleaning the filter once every month is ok assuming they don’t get too dirty before the period’s end.
When considering mechanical, biological and chemical filters, mechanical setups need to be cleaned more often than the other two because they trap most solid debris in the tank hence clog up quickly.
Clean your mechanical filter once every month, but let the chemical and biological filters go for a while longer before you clean them.
In fact, I would recommend you only clean your biological filter when its visibly clogged or slow, to help keep beneficial bacteria intact. And in instances where you must clean the filter, a short-quick rinse with aquarium water in a clean bucket should suffice.
Please note that a biological filter is not always a specific unit, but any surface that hosts beneficial bacteria in the tank, which includes items like mechanical filters, chemical filter, and gravel.
With chemical filters, the only practical cleaning they need is for you to swap out the carbon regularly, say once a week or if your aquarium water turns cloudy.
How to Clean Your Aquarium Sponge Filter?
Sponge filters are one of the most popular filters used in the fish keeping hobby because they are reliable, easy to use and economical.
However, these filters also get clogged up quite easily, which presents a challenge, more so for new aquarists.
So, how should you clean your sponge filter when it gets dirty to ensure your fish remains safe?
Well, the good news is it’s an easy task to do if you know how to go about it!.
Please note, I would recommend using aquarium water to clean your sponge filter, seeing that tap water will most likely have elements like chlorine which are harmful to fish and also kill beneficial bacteria in the filter.
- The first thing you want to do is drain some water from the tank into a clean bucker with zero traces of detergents or chemicals.
- Get your sponge filter from the tank, it is ok to use your hands, which is the most practical way anyway. Before you start cleaning the filter, it also important to note that the goal is not to clean out everything, only large dirt particles, and solid debris, and leave as much beneficial bacteria as you can.
- To clean the filter, all you need to do is wash it in aquarium water you drained from the tank. You may want to give the sponge a gentle squeeze for 30 seconds to dislodge any solid debris stuck on there like fish food and poop.
- Once your filter is visibly clean, use a different bucket of aquarium water to rinse it. You can still give the filter a few more squeezes for a proper rinse.
How Often Should Your Aquarium Filter Be Changed?
Sometimes cleaning your aquarium filter might not be an option, meaning you have to change it. Moreover, changing your filter on a regular basis ensures your tank is clean, and your fish remain safe.
Having said that, how often you change a filter, as with cleaning, will depend on the system you have.
Please note that what you need to change regularly is the filter media, and not so much the actual filter unit.
For a better perspective; you may never need to change your chemical filter unit unless it’s falling apart, but you will need to change the filter media, which in most cases is carbon.
With a sponge filter, a common media in mechanical/biological unit in the fish keeping hobby, you can quite easily give it several rinses, as described above, before you actually have to change it.
So, the more important question would then be, “when and how often do you need to change your aquarium filter media?”
How Often Should Aquarium Filter Media Be Changed?
Let me begin by saying that the filter media in your aquarium filter unit could be one of many types available in the market, so the answer I give is not a one size fits all even by the farthest stretch of your imagination.
As a whole, mechanical media are probably the simplest, with only a few variations, and every filter out there has some. The media collect all solid waste in the tank and should be cleaned and replaced at least once every month.
The main types of mechanical filters are filter pads, foam blocks, and filter floss.
Filter pads are simple with not much to them hence should be changed once every month.
Foam blocks, sometimes called foam filters, are usually firm elements, with large pores and can be used for as long as they are still in one piece. They also house a lot of beneficial bacteria, so should you need to change them, you will want to leave the old filter block in your water column to allow the bacteria enough time to colonize the new filter form.
Filter floss is in most cases a quick fix mediawhen you want crystal clear water in your tank, for instance, when hosting a dinner party in your house. The element can clear aquarium water in about three to four days, albeit needing you to change it regularly.
When considering chemical filter media, there are several types available, but the most common is carbon, which is effective at removing odors, cloudiness, and chemical elements from the water column.
Most filter cartridge makers recommend changing carbon media once a month, which coincides with the amount of time it takes to fill up.
After a month, your filter media might still be useful as a decent bed for beneficial bacteria, but won’t remove chemical impurities and discoloration as effectively as it should.
Biological filters generally occur all over your tank in the form of beneficial bacteria, and particularly in mechanical filters. For that reason, changing the filter media on a mechanical or chemical filter unit, or any other surface hosting the bacteria such as the substrate, determines how much change will occur.
Therefore, be sure to leave as much beneficial bacteria in your tank as you possibly can when you clean your filter or change the filter media.